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Black sea urchin

Black sea urchin
Black sea urchin
The black sea urchin spines has relatively thick and very resistant spines. The coloration of the spines and carapace varies from dark brown to black. Known locally as “pindá” it is an abundant species on the Brazilian coast, coastal, found predominantly in holes bore into the rocks. It feeds on algae and encrusting animals. Occurs from Florida to southern Brazil, as well as West Indies, Bermuda, Ascension Island, St Helena and Angola.
The black sea urchin spines has relatively thick and very resistant spines. The coloration of the spines and carapace varies from dark brown to black. Known locally as “pindá” it is an abundant species on the Brazilian coast, coastal, found predominantly in holes bore into the rocks. It feeds on algae and encrusting animals. Occurs from Florida to southern Brazil, as well as West Indies, Bermuda, Ascension Island, St Helena and Angola.
Alvaro E. Migotto
Size
Taxa: Echinometra lucunter
Experts: Alvaro E. Migotto
Date: Oct. 16, 2009, 10:06 a.m.
Place: Baía do Araçá, São Sebastião, SP, Brazil
Geolocation: S 23°49'2" W 45°24'21"
Alvaro E. Migotto. Black sea urchin. Cifonauta image database. Available at: http://cifonauta.cebimar.usp.br/media/699/ Accessed: 2019-12-14.
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References

2011 Felipelli T. Para Cetesb e prefeito de São Sebastião, Mangue do Araçá pode estar morto; ambientalistas apontam ao contrário. Imprensa Livre, url:http://www.imprensalivre.com.br/extras/top_impressao.php?edit=3&id=37874
2010 Amaral ACZ, Migotto AE, Turra A, Schaeffer-Novelli Y. Araçá: biodiversidade, impactos e ameaças. Biota Neotropica, 10(1): 219-264, url:http://www.scielo.br/pdf/bn/v10n1/a22v10n1.pdf